Stones can be in kidneys, ureter, urinary bladder or urethra. It is very common in Haryana and Punjab areas because of weather conditions and genetic susceptibility. Sometimes the kidney stone formers (metabolic stone former), usually run in family.
WHEN IS SURGERY REQUIRED:
Surgery for stones is usually required when the size of the stones is big, it is obstructing urine flow, severe symptoms (pain, infection, blood in urine, increasing serum creatinine) and in special occupations (pilots, sailors).